The digital cover of Pharaoh’s mummy revealed curly hair, amulets and jewelry

Amenhotep I's face mask.

Amenhotep I’s face mask.
Photo: Slim et al., Frontiers in Medicine 2021

The mummy of Pharaoh Amenhotep I was undisturbed for thousands of years, but scientists are now using non-surgical imaging to see inside burial casings. Their research revealed some New details about the short life – though The cause of the death of this ruler at the age of thirty-five is still a mystery.

Cross-sectional scan of the body of Amenhotep I inside its shell.

Cross-sectional scan of the body of Amenhotep I inside its shell.
picture: Slim et al., Frontiers in Medicine 2021

Amenhotep I Ruled from 1525 BC to 1504 BC, during Eighteenth Dynasty in Ancient Egypt. About 400 years after his death, his mummy was opened in order to repair the damage caused by grave robbers and then reburied; In modern times, it has been preserved in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo. Museum officials had decided not to open the mummy due to its beauty preservation, including the wreaths that adorned the body thousands of years ago, according to press release About the new search.

Scholars aimed to understand the events surrounding Amenhotep’s death, his mummification, and his subsequent reburial. They found that he died in his mid-thirties and was nearby 5 feet 5 Length in inches. details their work published In Frontiers in Medicine.

Sahar Selim, a radiologist at Cairo University and the study’s lead author, told Gizmodo that one of the most exciting elements of the research was “the opportunity to reveal the face of Amenhotep I and see his facial features resembling those of his father, Ahmose I.” Selim said the discoveries were possible thanks to “technological advances that enabled From digitally untangling mummy wrappers without surgical intervention and preserving them.”

Computerized tomography (CT) scans—the type used to examine Amenhotep’s remains—use X-rays to image areas of the body that would otherwise be inaccessible. The scans take thousands of images of body segments, which can be combined into high-quality 3D views. This technique is of particular use for examining mummies, given that the remains are fragile and hidden in many layers of casings. Only this year, a CT scan lit up A 3200-year-old mummy covered in mud revealed The first known pregnant mummy, which is incorrectly defined as male.

Sectional survey of the head of Amenhotep I, which still has some of the pharaoh's hair.

Sectional survey of the head of Amenhotep I, which still has some of the pharaoh’s hair.
Photo: Slim et al., Frontiers in Medicine 2021

Scans revealed 30 different amulets and a belt made of gold beads that adorned the mummy. They were unable to find any indication that Amenhotep I had died from a flesh wound or marked illness. The body was mutilated, but researchers suspect that it was dissected by grave robbers. In the study, the researchers noted that the areas that were compromised were the neck and extremities, which are typical places for jewelry.

Photo of the article titled Digital unwrapping of Pharaoh's mummy reveals curly hair, amulets and jewelry

The researchers found that the pharaoh still had some curly tufts of hair. He still has all his teeth, and the top row protrudes a little. The pharaoh was circumcised and his penis coiled independently. Selim explained that special covers were placed on the head, hands and genitals to help the deceased’s journey to the afterlife..

He ruled in the era of the New Kingdom: the heyday of ancient Egyptian civilization, “ Saleem said. “Civilization at that time was very rich and advanced in all respects, Including embalming. The royal mummies of the New Kingdom were the most well-preserved ancient corpses of all.”

There is no evidence that embalmers tried to remove the pharaoh The brain that is still inside the skull and not his heart. Salim said embalmers usually remove internal organs to avoid rotting the body. All organs were removed except for the heart, as the ancient Egyptians believed that the heart was the home of the soul.

Selim added that some of the decorations on the mummy were likely added by later embalmers to address the penetration marks made by tomb robbers. Even several centuries after the death of the pharaoh, the ancient Egyptians still made sure their dead were taken care of.

More: The 11 Most Amazing Archaeological Discoveries of 2021

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